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新概念英語第3冊課文翻譯(3)

2016-12-3016:01:30 來源:學派網 點擊:
Lesson13 It’s only me
After her husband had gone to work, Mrs Richards sent her children to school and went upstairs to her bedroom. She was too excited to do any housework that morning, for in the evening she would be going to a fancy dress party with her husband. She intended to dress up as a ghost and as she had made her costume the night before, she was impatient to try it on. Though the costume consisted only of a sheet, it was very effective. After putting it on, Mrs Richards went downstairs. She wanted to find out whether it would be comfortable to wear.
Just as Mrs Richards was entering the dining-room, there was a knock on the front door. She knew that it must be the baker. She had told him to come straight in if ever she failed to open the door and to leave the bread on the kitchen table. Not wanting to frighten the poor man, Mrs Richards quickly hid in the small store-room under the stairs. She heard the front door open and heavy footsteps in the hall. Suddenly the door of the store-room was opened and a man entered. Mrs Richards realized that it must be the man from the Electricity Board who had come to read the meter. She tried to explain the situation, saying' It's only me', but it was too late. The man let out a cry and jumped back several paces. When Mrs Richards walked towards him, he fled, slamming the door behind him.
 理查茲夫人等丈夫上班走后,把孩子送去上學,然后來到樓上自己的臥室。那天上午,她興奮得什么家務活都不想做,因為晚上她要同丈夫一起參加一個化裝舞會。她打算裝扮成鬼的模樣。頭天晚上她已把化裝服做好,這時她急于想試試。盡管化裝服僅由一個被單制成,卻十分逼真。理查茲夫人穿上化裝服后下了樓,想看穿起來是否舒服。
    理查茲夫人剛剛走進餐廳,前門就傳來敲門聲。她知道來了一定面包師。她曾告訴過面包師,如果她不去開門,他可直接進門,把面包放在廚房的桌上。理查茲夫人不想嚇唬這個可憐人,便趕緊躲到了樓梯下的小儲藏室里。她聽見前門被打開,走廊里響起重重的腳步聲。突然貯藏門開了,一個男人走了進來。理查茲夫人這才想到一定是供電局來人查電表了。她說了聲“是我,別怕!”然后想進行一番解釋,但已來不及了。那人大叫了一聲,驚退了幾步。理查茲夫人朝他走去,只見他“砰”的一聲關上門逃走了。
   
Lesson14 A noble gangster
There was a time when the owners of shop and businesses in Chicago had to pay large sums of money to gangsters in return for' protection' If the money was not paid promptly, the gangsters would quickly put a man out of business by destroying his shop. Obtaining 'protechon money' is not a modern crime. As long ago as the fourteenth century, an Englishman, Sir John Hawkwood, made the remarkable discovery that people would rather pay large sums of money than have their life work destroyed by gangsters.
Six hundred years ago, Sir John Hawkwood arrived in Italy with a band of soldiers and settled near Florence. He soon made a name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto. Whenever the Italian city-states were at war with each other, Hawkwood used to hire his soldiers to princes who were willing to pay the high price he demanded. In times of peace, when business was bad, Hawkwood and his men would march into a city-state and, after burning down a few farms, would offer to go away if protection money was paid to them. Hawkwood made large sums of money in this way. In spite of this, the Italians regarded him as a sort of hero. When he died at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a picture painted which was dedicated to the memory of 'the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue'.
 曾經有一個時期,芝加哥的店主和商行的老板們不得不拿出大筆的錢給歹徒以換取"保護"。如果交款不及時,歹徒們就會很快搗毀他的商店,讓他破產.榨取"保護金"并不是一種現代的罪惡行徑.早在14世紀,英國人約翰.霍克伍德就有過非凡的發現:"人們情愿拿出大筆的錢,也不愿畢生的心血毀于歹徒之手.
    600年前,約翰.霍克伍德爵士帶著一隊士兵來到意大利,在佛羅倫薩附近駐扎下來,很快就出了名.意大利人叫他喬凡尼.阿庫托.每次意大利各城邦之間打伏,霍克伍德把他的士兵雇傭給愿給他出高價的君主。和平時期,當生意蕭條時,霍克伍德便帶領士兵進入某個城邦,縱火燒毀一兩個農場,然后提出,如向他們繳納保護金,他們便主動撤離。霍克伍德用這種方法掙了大筆錢.盡管如此,意大利人還是把他視作某種英雄。他80歲那年死去時,佛羅倫薩人為他舉行了國葬,并為他畫像以紀念這位"驍勇無比的戰士、杰出的領袖喬凡尼.阿庫托先生."
   
Lesson15 Fifty pence worth of trouble
Children always appreciate small gifts of money. Father, of course, provides a regular supply of pocket-money, but uncles and aunts are always a source of extra income. With some children, small sums go a long way. If sixpences are not exchanged for sweets, they rattle for months inside money-boxes. Only very thrifty children manage to fill up a money-box. For most of them, sixpence is a small price to pay for a satisfying bar of chocolate.
My nephew, George, has a money-box but it is always empty. Very few of the sixpences I have given him have found their way there. I gave him sixpence yesterday and advised him to save it. Instead, he bought himself sixpence worth of trouble. On his way to the sweet shop, he dropped his sixpence and it rolled along the pavement and then disappeared down a drain. George took off
his jacket, rolled up his sleeves and pushed his right arm through the drain cover. He could not find his sixpence anywhere, and what is more, he could not get his arm out. A crowd of people gathered round him and a lady rubbed his arm with soap and butter, but George was firmly stuck. The fire-brigade was called and two firemen freed George using a special type of grease. George was not too upset by his experience because the lady who owns the sweet shop heard about his troubles and rewarded him with a large box of chocolates.
 孩子們總是喜歡得到一些零花錢。爸爸媽媽當然經常給孩子零花錢,但是,叔舅嬸姨也是孩子們額外收入來源。對于有些孩子來說,少量的錢可以花很長一段時間。如果50便士不拿來換糖吃,則可以放在儲蓄罐里叮當響上好幾月。但是能把儲蓄罐裝滿的只有屈指可數的幾個特別節儉的孩子。對大部分孩子來說,用50便士來買一大塊好的巧克力,是算不了什么的。
    我的外甥喬治有一個儲蓄罐,但總是空空的。我給了不少50便士的硬幣,但沒有幾個存到儲蓄罐里。昨天,我給了他50便士讓存起來,卻拿這錢給自己買了50便士的麻煩。在他去糖果店的路上,50便士掉在地上,在人行道上跳了幾下,掉進了陰溝里。喬治脫掉外套,卷起袖子,將右胳膊伸進了陰溝蓋。但他摸了半天也沒找到那50便士硬幣,他的胳膊反倒退不出來了。這時在他周圍上了許多人,一位女士在喬治胳膊上抹了肥皂,黃油,但喬治的胳膊仍然卡得緊緊的。有人打電話叫來消防隊,兩位消防隊員使用了一種特殊的潤滑劑才使喬治得以解脫。不過,此事并沒使喬治過于傷心,因為糖果店老板娘聽說了他遇到的麻煩后,賞給他一大盒巧克力。
   
Lesson16 Mary had a little lamb
Mary and her husband Dimitri lived in the tiny village of Perachora in southern Greece. One of Mary's prize possessions was a little white lamb which her husband had given her. She kept it tied to a tree in a field during the day and went to fetch it every evening. One evening, however, the lamb was missing. The rope had been cut, so it was obvious that the lamb had been stolen. When Dimitri came in from the fields, his wife told him what had happened. Dimitri at once set out to find the thief.
He knew it would not prove difficult in such a small village. After telling several of his friends about the theft, Dimitri found out that his neighbour, Aleko, had suddenly acquired a new lamb. Dimitri immediately went to Aleko's house and angrily accused him of stealing the lamb. He told him he had better return it or he would call the police. Aleko denied taking it and led Dimitri into his back-yard. It was true that he had just bought a lamb, he explained, but his lamb was black. Ashamed of having acted so rashly, Dimitri apologized to Aleko for having accused him. While they were talking it began to rain and Dimitri stayed in Aleko's house until the rain stopped. When he went outside half an hour later, he was astonished to find that the little black lamb was almost white. Its wool, which had been dyed black, had been washed clean by the rain !
 瑪麗與丈夫迪米特里住在希臘南部一個叫波拉考拉的小村莊里。瑪麗最珍貴的財產之一就是丈夫送給她的一只白色小羔羊。白天,瑪麗把羔羊拴在地里的一顆樹上,每天晚上把它牽回家。可是,一天晚上,那只小羔羊失蹤了。繩子被人割斷,很明顯小羔羊是被人偷走了。
    迪米特里從地里回來,妻子把情況跟他一說,他馬上出去找偷羔羊的人。他知道在這樣一個小村莊里抓住小偷并不困難。把失竊的事告訴幾個朋友后,迪米特里發出他的鄰居阿列科家突然多了一只小羔羊。迪米特里立刻去了阿列科家,氣呼呼地指責他偷了羔羊,告訴他最好把羊交還,否則就去叫警察。阿列科不承認,并把迪米特里領進院子。不錯,他的確剛買了一只羔羊,阿列科解釋說,但他的羔羊是黑色的。迪米特里為自己的魯莽而感到不好意思,向阿列科道了歉,說是錯怪了他。就在他倆說話的時候,天下起了雨,迪米特里便呆在阿列科家里避雨,一直等到雨停為止。半小時后,當他從屋里出來時,他驚奇地發現小黑羔羊全身幾乎都變成白色。原來羊毛上染的黑色被雨水沖掉了!
   
Lesson17 The longest suspension bridge in the world
Verrazano, an Italian about whom little is known, sailed into New York Harbour in 1524 and named it Angouleme. He described it as 'a very agreeable situation located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.' Though Verrazano is by no means considered to be a great explorer, his name will probably remain immortal, for on November 21st, 1964, the greatest bridge in the world was named after him.
The Verrazano Bridge, which was designed by Othmar Ammann, joins Brooklyn to Staten Island. It has a span of 4260 feet. The bridge is so long that the shape of the earth had to be taken into account by its designer. Two great towers support four huge cables. The towers are built on immense underwater platforms made of steel and concrete. The platforms extend to a depth of over 100 feet under the sea. These alone took sixteen months to build. Above the surface of the water, the towers rise to a height of nearly 700 feet. They support the cables from which the bridge has been suspended. Each of the four cables contains 26,108 lengths of wire. It has been estimated that if the bridge were packed with cars, it would still only be carrying a third of its total capacity. However, size and strength are not the only important things about this bridge. Despite its immensity, it is both simple and elegant, fulfilling its designer's dream to create 'an enormous object drawn as faintly as possible'.
 1524年,一位鮮為人知的意大利人維拉薩諾駕船駛進紐約港,并將該港名為安古拉姆。他對該港作了這樣的描述:“地理位置十分適宜,位于兩座小山的中間,一條大河從中間流過”。雖然維拉薩諾絕對算不上一個偉大的探險家,但他的名字將流芳百世,因為1964年11月21日建成的一座世界上最長的吊橋是以他的名字命名。
    維拉薩諾大橋由奧斯馬.阿曼設計,連結著布魯克林與斯塔頓島,橋長4,260英尺。由于橋身太長,設計者不得不考慮了地表的形狀。兩座巨塔支撐著4根粗大的鋼纜。塔身建在巨大的水下鋼盤混凝土平臺上。平臺深入海底100英尺。僅這兩座塔就花了16個月才建成。塔身高出水面將近700英尺。高塔支撐著鋼纜,而鋼纜又懸吊著大橋,4根鋼纜中的每根由26,108股鋼繩組成。據估計,若橋上擺滿了汽車,也只不過是橋的總承載力的1/3。然而,這座橋重要特點不僅是它的規模與強度。盡管此橋很大,但它的結構簡單,造型優美,實現了設計者企圖創造一個“盡量用細線條勾畫出一個龐然大物”的夢想。
  
Lesson18 Electric currents in modern art
Modern sculpture rarely surprises us any more. The idea that modern art can only be seen in museums is mistaken. Even people who take no interest in art cannot have failed to notice examples of modern sculpture on display in public places. Strange forms stand in gardens, and outside buildings and shops. We have got quite used to them. Some so-called 'modern' pieces have been on display for nearly fifty years.
In spite of this, some people--including myself--were surprised by a recent exhibition of modern sculpture. The first thing I saw when I entered the art gallery was a notice which said: 'Do not touch the exhibits. Some of them are dangerous!' The objects on display were pieces of moving sculpture. Oddly shaped forms that are suspended from the ceiling and move in response to a gust of wind are quite familiar to everybody. These objects, however, were different. Lined up against the wall, there were long thin wires attached to metal spheres. The spheres had been magnetized and attracted or repelled each other all the time. In the centre of the hall, there were a number of tall structures which contained coloured lights. These lights flickered continuously like traffic lights which have gone mad. Sparks were emitted from small black boxes and red lamps flashed on and off angrily. It was rather like an exhibition of prehistoric electronic equipment. These Peculiar forms not only seemed designed to shock people emotionally, but to give them electric shocks as well !
 現代雕塑不再使我們感到驚訝了。那種認為現代藝術只能在博物館里才能看到的觀點是錯誤的。即使是對藝術不感興趣的人也不會注意到在公共場所展示的現代藝術品。公園里、大樓和商店外豎立著的奇形怪狀的雕塑,對這些,我們已經司空見慣了。有些所謂的“現代”藝術品在那里已經陳列了近80年了。
    盡管如此,最近舉辦的一次現代雕塑展覽還是使一些人(包括我在內)大吃了一驚。走進展廳首先看到的是一張告示,上面寫著“切勿觸摸展品,某些展品有危險!”展品都是些活動的雕像。人們所熟悉的是懸掛在天花板上、造型奇特、隨風飄蕩的雕塑品。這些展品卻使人大開眼界。靠墻排列著許多細長的電線,而電線又連著金屬球。金屬球經過磁化,互相之間不停地相互吸引或相互排斥。展廳中央是裝有彩色燈泡的許多高高的構件,燈泡一刻不停地閃爍著,就像失去了控制的紅綠燈。小黑盒子里迸出火花,紅色燈泡發怒似地忽明忽暗。這兒倒像是在展覽古老的電子設備。好像設計這些奇形怪狀的展品不僅是為了給人感情上的強烈刺激,而且還想給人以電擊似的!
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